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REVISING/EDITING Part A
DIRECTIONS: Read and answer the following questions. You will be asked to recognize and correct errors
so that the sentences or short paragraphs follow the conventions of standard written English. You may
write in your test booklet as needed to take notes. You should re-read relevant parts of the sentences or
paragraphs before marking the best answer for each question.
1. Read this paragraph.
Which revision uses the most precise language for the words “talked to some people who did the
best in the contest?“
2. Read this paragraph.
Which pair of revisions need to be made in the paragraph?
3. Read this paragraph.
Which sentence contains an error in its construction and should be revised?
DIRECTIONS: Read the text below and answer the questions following it. Questions 4 – 9 will be in reguards to this text. You will be asked to improve the writing quality of the text and to correct errors so that the text follows the conventions of standard written English. You should re-read relevant parts of the text before marking the best answer for each question
4. Which sentence should be added after sentence 5 to introduce the main topic of the passage?
5. Which sentence should be added to follow and support sentence 7?
6. Where should sentence 11 be moved in order to improve the organization of the second paragraph (sentences 6–11)?
7. Which sentence presents information that shifts away from the main topic of the third paragraph (sentences 12–16) and should be removed?
8. Which transition phrase should be added to the beginning of sentence 18?
9. Which concluding sentence should be added after sentence 18 to support the topic presented in the passage?
DIRECTIONS: Read each of the following six texts, and answer the related questions. You may write in
your test booklet as needed to take notes. You should re-read relevant parts of each text before marking
the best answer for each question. Base your answers only on the content within the text.
The following text is in reguards to questions 10 – 15
10. Which statement best describes the central idea of the passage?
11. Marsh believed that the people of his time caused harm to the environment because
12. What is the most likely reason the author uses the word “surprisingly” in paragraph 1?
13. Which evidence supports the accuracy of Marsh’s theories about nature?
14. Which detail about Marsh provides support for the author’s statement in paragraph 5?
15. Which of Marsh’s ideas most influenced the environmental movement of the 1960s?
The following text is in reguards to questions 16 – 25
16. Read this sentence from paragraph 1.
In 1926 an editor at the London Daily News predicted that Gertrude Ederle, an American swimmer with eighteen world records and three Olympic medals, would fail in her attempt to swim across the English Channel.
What does the editor’s comment reveal about the challenges Ederle faced in attempting her feat?
17. Which sentence is the best summary of the steps that Ederle took to prepare for her second attempt to swim across the English Channel?
18. Read this sentence from paragraph 3.
Ederle knew that if she did not complete the challenge this time, she might never get the opportunity to set this record, because a rival female swimmer was preparing to make her second attempt at the crossing as well.
How does this sentence fit into the overall structure of the passage?
19. Which sentence best supports the idea that Ederle succeeded in swimming across the channel because of her innovative approach to the challenge?
20. In paragraph 4, the word “insurmountable” is used to highlight
21. Which statement describes how the author’s use of problem-and-solution in paragraph 5 contributes to the development of ideas in the passage?
22. Paragraph 7 contributes to the development of the central idea of the passage by
23. Ederle’s victorious swim across the English Channel influenced American attitudes mainly by
24. Which sentence from the passage best conveys the author’s perspective regarding the impact of Ederle’s accomplishment?
25. The table contributes to the development of the topic of the passage mainly by
The following text is in reguards to questions 26 – 35
26. The phrase “those wonderful Swiss and African ones which vote, keep drilled armies, . . . and dispute
about religion” in paragraph 1 shows that the author
27. The central idea that “the average ant is a sham” (paragraph 1) is conveyed mainly through the
28. In paragraph 2, how do the words “grabs,” “yanks,” and “tearing away” contribute to the meaning of the excerpt?
29. Read this text from paragraph 2.
He . . . comes to a weed; it never occurs to him to go around it. No; he must climb it, and he does climb it, dragging his worthless property to the top—which is as bright a thing to do as it would be for me to carry a sack of flour from Heidelberg to Paris by way of Strasburg steeple;
These details convey the central idea in the excerpt by showing that the ant
30. Which of the following best explains the author’s fascination with the ants?
31. Read this sentence from paragraph 2.
At the end of half an hour he fetches up within six inches of the place he started from, and lays his burden down.
How does the sentence contribute to the development of the central idea of the excerpt?
32. Which sentence from paragraph 2 best supports the idea that sheer “leather-headedness” (paragraph 2) amounts to “ignorance” and “idiocy” (paragraph 4)?
33. Read this sentence from paragraph 3.
Evidently the friend remarks that a last year’s grasshopper leg is a very noble acquisition, and inquires where he got it.
Which statement best describes how the sentence fits into the overall structure of the excerpt?
34. Read this sentence from paragraph 3.
The two perspiring ants inspect it thoughtfully and decide that dried grasshopper legs are a poor sort of property after all, and then each starts off in a different direction to see if he can’t find an old nail or something else that is heavy enough to afford entertainment and at the same time valueless enough to make an ant want to own it.
How does the word choice in the sentence contribute to the overall meaning of the excerpt?
35. How does the presence of the friend in paragraph 3 influence the first ant’s behavior?
The following text is in reguards to questions 36 – 41
36. Which statement best describes the central idea of the passage?
37. What was the main way that Karl Mauch’s conclusions about Great Zimbabwe in paragraph 4 affected later archaeological investigations?
38. Which statement best describes Portuguese explorers’ experience searching for Great Zimbabwe?
39. What was “one mystery of Great Zimbabwe” (paragraph 6) that had been solved?
40. Which statement about the Shona people is best supported by the passage?
41. The conclusions of David Randall-MacIver and Gertrude Caton-Thompson were significant because they
The following text is in reguards to questions 42 – 50
42. How does the similar construction of the sentence in line 1 and the sentence in line 8 contribute to the meaning of the poem?
43. Read lines 2–4 and lines 12–14 from the poem.
I am what every athlete
wants: to remain at the apex of the leap,
up in the air.
I am the blood flowing in the runner’s chest,
and I catch everything: from the hills,
How do the lines contribute to the development of a central idea of the poem?
44. Read line 7 from the first stanza.
Swallows and ospreys nest in my trusses.
How does the line contribute to the development of ideas in the stanza?
45. Read lines 18–20 from the poem.
You are some tears dribbling from a mountain’s
eye, running down the pavements
of small towns, into the cities, to the sea
What impact do the phrases “some tears dribbling” and “running down” have on the meaning of the poem?
46. The comparison to sewing in lines 33–35 helps show that the structure
47. The last stanza (lines 36–42) conveys a central idea of the poem by
48. Read lines 41–42 from the poem.
Because I am,
above all else, patient. I will wait for you.
Which of the following supports what is implied in these lines?
49. How does the poet develop the points of view of the structure and the water?
50. How does the form of the poem contribute to its meaning?
The following text is in reguards to questions 51 – 57
51. Which of the following best tells what this passage is about?
52. What is the most likely reason farmers persisted in replanting their crops?
53. In the winter that followed the summer of 1816, New Englanders most likely experienced
54. How does paragraph 3 contribute to the passage?
55. The author includes the details in paragraph 4 about the eruption of Mount Tambora in order to
56. Which of the following is implied by the phrase “the global nature of weather” (paragraph 5)?
57. The cold summer of 1816 was most likely caused by
59. Let x be the number of oak trees. The owner of a tree farm plants pine trees and oak trees in a ratio of 8:3. How many oak trees are planted if 264 pine trees are planted?
60. For what value of w is
4w = 2w – 8
61. A survey asked students what pets they have. Based on the results, the following statements are all true.
• 20 students have cats.
• 23 students have dogs.
• 3 students have both dogs and cats.
• 5 students have no dogs or cats.
How many students were surveyed?
students were surveyed
62. The sum of two consecutive integers is -15 . If 1 is added to the smaller integer and 2 is subtracted from the larger integer, what is the product of the two resulting integers?
The product of the two resulting intergers is
DIRECTIONS: Solve each question. Select the best answer from the choices given.
63. The set of possible values of m is [ 5, 7 ,9 ]. What is the set of possible values of k if 2k = m + 3 ?
64. 7 + (3n + 6) – (4n + 8) =
65. In a certain school, course grades range from 0 to 100. Adrianna took 4 courses and her mean course grade was 90. Roberto took 5 courses. If both students have the same sum of course grades, what was Roberto’s mean?
66. Jenny starts a game with twice as many marbles as Keiko. Jenny gives Keiko 5 marbles, but she still has 10 more than Keiko. How many marbles did Jenny have to start with?
67. In a scale diagram, 0.125 inch represents 125 feet. How many inches represent 1 foot?
A researcher recorded the number of people in each vehicle that passed through a checkpoint. The table above shows the percent distribution for the 420 vehicles that passed through the checkpoint yesterday morning. How many of the 420 vehicles contained at least 3 people?
In the pyramid above, each triangular face has the same area, and the base MNPQ is a square that measures 8 centimeters on each side. If the length of RS = 6 centimeters, what is the surface area of the pyramid excluding the base?
70. The perimeter of a rectangle is 510 centimeters. The ratio of the length to the width is 3:2. What are the dimensions of this rectangle?
1 dollar = 7 lorgs
1 dollar = 0.5 dalt
Kevin has 140 lorgs and 16 dalts. If he exchanges the lorgs and dalts for dollars according to the rates above, how many dollars will he receive?
74. The sum of the numbers x, y, and z is 50. The ratio of x to y is 1:4, and the ratio of y to z is 4:5. What is the value of y ?
What is the area of the shaded region in the graph above?
76. In Centerville, 45% of the population is female, and 60% of the population commutes to work daily. Of the total Centerville population, 21% are females who commute to work daily. What percentage of the total Centerville population are males who do not commute to work daily?
77. Mrs. Cranston bought five bottles of water for $0.90 each and 8 pounds of meat. She paid a total of $26.90 for these items, not including tax. What was the price per pound of the meat?
78. In a sample of 10 cards, 4 are red and 6 are blue. If 2 cards are selected at random from the sample, one at a time without replacement, what is the probability that both cards are not blue?
1 sind = 4 lorgs
2 plunks = 5 dalts
5 sinds = 2 harps
1 plunk = 3 harps
A nation has five types of coins: sinds, dalts, lorgs, harps, and plunks. The relationship between the coins is shown above. Which coin is most valuable?
What is the mean score of the 10 students in the table above?
How many more people in Center City walk to work than ride their bicycle to work?
82. Which of the following numbers has factors that include the smallest factor (other than 1) of 91?
83. In a scale drawing of a triangular banner, one side measures 16 centimeters and the other two sides each measure 12 centimeters. On the actual banner, these two sides each measure 36 feet. What is the length of the remaining side of the actual banner?
84. The faculty of a certain four-year college consists of 179 teachers. There are 663 first-year students. The student-to-faculty ratio for the entire college is 15 to 1. What is the total number of second-, third-, and fourth-year students?
What is the value of the expression shown above?
86. A car is traveling 55 miles per hour, and 1 mile = 5,280 feet. Which of the following calculations would give the car’s speed in feet per second?
88. How many positive even factors of 48 are greater than 24 and less than 48?
90. Johan leased a car for three years. He paid a one-time fee of $1,000, and an additional $300 per month for the full three years. At the end of the three years, what is the total amount Johan paid for leasing this car?
91. There are 6 different cookies on a plate. Aiden will choose 2 of these cookies to pack in his lunch. How many different pairs of 2 cookies can he choose from the 6?
92. For a presentation, Deion can create 5 slides in 20 minutes, working at a constant rate. Kyra can create 3 slides in 10 minutes, working at her own constant rate. What is the total number of slides the two of them can create in one hour?
94. An unmarked straight stick will be laid end over end to measure a distance of exactly 72 feet. The same stick will be used in the same way to measure a distance of exactly 30 feet. What is the length of the longest possible stick that can be used for both measurements?
95. Ryan must read 150 pages for school this weekend. It took him 30 minutes to read the first 20 pages. At this rate, how much additional time will it take him to finish the reading?
97. In the set of consecutive integers from 12 to 30, inclusive, there are four integers that are multiples of both 2 and 3. How many integers in this set are multiples of neither 2 nor 3?
The graph above shows the number of schools per city for five small cities. Cities M and N each have 500 students per school. City P has 400 students per school. Cities Q and R each have 700 students per school. Which of the five cities has the greatest number of students?
99. A box contains 5 strawberry candies, 3 banana candies, and 2 orange candies. If Braden selects 2 candies at random from this box, without replacement, what is the probability that both candies are not banana?
In the equation above, w, x, y, and z are positive numbers. Which of these is equal to z ?
102. A metal square used in an electronic device must have a thickness of 0.02 inch, with an allowable error of 1 percent. What is the greatest allowable thickness of the metal square?
Mr. Blake’s biology class is divided into three sections. The same test was given to each section. The table above shows both the lowest score and the range of scores on this test for each section. What is the overall range of all scores in all three sections?
104. If 3n is a positive even number, how many odd numbers are in the range from up to and including 3n + 5 ?
In the infinitely repeating decimal above, 7 is the first digit in the repeating pattern. What is the 391st digit?
106. A car travels at 4,400 feet per minute. The radius of each tire on the car is 1 foot. How many revolutions does one of these tires make in 1 minute? (Use appromixation 22/7 for π)
107. 100(2 + 0.1)2 – 100 =
108. A sports store has a container of handballs: 4 blue, 5 red, 8 yellow, 9 white, and 11 green. If one ball is picked from the container at random, what is the probability that it will be yellow?
109. Each week, Leon has fixed expenses of $1,250 at his furniture shop. It costs him $150 to make a chair in his shop, and he sells each chair for $275. What is Leon’s profit if he makes and sells 25 chairs in 1 week?
110. Using the approximation 2.54 centimeters = 1 inch, how many centimeters are in 4 feet 7 inches?
112. If 4x – 3y = 12, what is x in terms of y ?
There are 20 students in a class. The frequency table above shows the number of students in this class who ate 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 servings of fruits and vegetables yesterday. What is the mean number of servings of fruits and vegetables eaten yesterday per student in this class?
114. A paste used to cover a billboard is made by mixing the following ingredients by weight: 4 parts powder, 3 parts water, 2 parts resin, and 1 part hardener. To cover one billboard requires 30 pounds of this paste. How many total pounds of resin are required to cover 4 billboards?